How to bring the city closer to people? Using spatial network analysis to create a 15-minute city

This resource looks at the concept of the 15-minute city, and how through spatial network analysis, information can be gathered about lack of land uses and low accessibility. This method is illustrated through a case study in Poland. This resource can be of help to planners and policy-makers trying to adapt the transport system and improve land use as a response to the challenges posed by Covid-19 and the climate emergency.

Date added 25 November 2021
Last updated 25 November 2021

COVID-19 and subsequent lockdowns have emphasised the benefits of a walkable city, where residents can live and work locally. The climate emergency too, is making it imperative to transition to more effective forms of transport that can bring benefits to society, the economy, and the environment.

The 15-minute city, proposes a model in which a city becomes highly accessible and all the necessary amenities for day-to-day life can be reached within 15 minutes. This brings about an improvement in quality of life. A shift to more sustainable forms of mobility (i.e. walking or cycling) while fulfilling daily responsibilities, would also bring benefits to groups in society that already rely on these forms of transport to a greater extent, such as women.

This paper explores the notion of the 15-minute city at the intersection of two neighbourhoods in Poland: Bydgoskie PrzedmieĊ›cie and Bielany (in Torun). Through spatial network analysis, this study looks at how people move around on foot. This resource shows that land use proximity and functional completeness can provide information to planners and policy-makers in relation to land uses and low accessibility. It also shows how accessibility to amenities changes when different measures are introduced in relation to: land use (by providing more units), and network accessibility (by providing more direct routes).