Physical activity: walking and cycling

This report, created by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), discusses how to encourage people to walk and cycle more for commuting and entertainment purposes, and it can be useful for practitioners, managers, policy-makers, or the public.

Date added 17 August 2021
Last updated 17 August 2021

This resource highlights that walking and cycling has immense benefits for the people engaging in this activity (such as reducing the risk of obesity, or promoting mental wellbeing), as well as for society at large (such as reductions in air pollution, or road fatalities). The report presents information about public health in England, public health in relation to walking and cycling levels, as well as in relation to air pollution and environment.

The report highlights that decisions to walk and cycle are dependent on environmental, social, financial and personal factors and that these have to be considered when trying to encourage people to engage in these activities.

The report sets out a series of recommendations in relation to:

  • policy and planning (such as high-level support from the health sector)
  • local programmes (such as personalised travel planning)
  • schools, workplaces and the NHS (such as introducing walking buses to schools)

Finally, the report outlines a series of guidelines for research purposes, including research questions that should be addressed.